Turkey has sent its troops to Idlib under agreements with Russia – the Astana and 2018 Sochi agreements – that seek de-escalation. But the regime`s forces, its allies and the militias loyal to it continue to violate the ceasefire. In Berlin, Haftar agreed to the conditions of appointing members of a five-member military commission from each side, proposed by the United Nations, to monitor the implementation of the ceasefire. On 22 October 10, at the same time as Syrian President Bashar al-Assad harshly criticized Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan as a “thief” who “steals our country today”, an “excellent agreement” was reached between Erdogan and Russian President Putin, labeling a “safe zone” dominated by Turkey along the Turkey-Syria border , to be patrolled jointly by Russian and Turkish forces. The Sochi agreement, carefully constructed in ten points, requires President Recep Tayyip Erdogan to hold talks with Russian President Vladimir Putin in Sochi on Monday. . Celik reported that in January, 1,227 humanitarian aid initiatives were implemented over the Oncupinar and Cilvegozu crossings in Turkey`s southern hatay province. 6. All YPG elements and their weapons are removed from Manbij and Tal Rifat.

On 17 September 2018, Turkey and Russia signed the “Memorandum for the Stabilization of the Situation in the Idlib De-escalation Zone” in the Russian resort of Sochi, which aims to prevent the government from attacking the last major opposition stronghold in Syria. Since then, more than 1,800 civilians have been killed in attacks by the Russian regime and forces, which violated the 2018 ceasefire and a new one that began on January 12. Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan and his Russian counterpart Vladimir Putin have agreed to push Kurdish fighters out of a “safe zone” along the Turkey-Syria border after a marathon in Sochi. 10. Both sides will continue to work towards a lasting political solution to the Syrian conflict under the Astana mechanism and support the work of the Constitutional Commission. »